Fund Goal and Approach
The fund seeks long-term capital appreciation.The fund seeks to achieve its investment objective - long-term capital appreciation - with lower volatility than, and moderate correlation to, major equity market indices. The fund uses a "manager of managers" approach by selecting one or more experienced equity managers to serve as subadvisers to manage the fund's assets. The fund allocates its assets among subadvisers that use long/short equity investment strategies that are not expected to have returns that are highly correlated to each other or major equity market indices. The fund may hire, terminate or replace subadvisers and modify material terms and conditions of subadvisory arrangements without shareholder approval. Each of the fund's subadvisers acts independently of any other subadviser and uses its own methodology to select portfolio investments.
The fund normally invests in equity securities, typically common stocks, including securities issued by other investment companies, such as exchange-traded funds (ETFs). The fund may invest in equity securities of companies with any market capitalization. The fund's investments may include securities of U.S. and foreign issuers, including securities of issuers in emerging markets countries and securities denominated in any currency other than the U.S. dollar. The fund may significantly overweight or underweight certain companies, industries or market sectors.
The fund expects to maintain significant short positions in equity securities and equity-related instruments, including the derivative instruments described below and shares of ETFs. Although the fund intends to maintain an overall long position in its portfolio investments, in certain circumstances, the fund's short positions may approach or reach the size of the fund's overall long position. A short sale involves the sale of a security that the fund does not own in the expectation of purchasing the same security (or a security exchangeable therefor) at a later date and at a lower price. The fund will incur a loss as a result of a short sale if the price of the security increases between the date of the short sale and the date on which the fund replaces the security sold short. The fund will realize a gain if the security declines in price between those two dates. The fund's potential loss is limited only by the maximum attainable price of the security less the price at which the security was sold.
The fund may use derivative instruments, such as options, futures and options on futures, contracts for difference, forward contracts, swaps (including total return swaps) and other derivative instruments, as a substitute for investing directly in an underlying asset, as an alternative to selling a security short, to increase returns, to manage foreign currency risk, as part of a hedging strategy or for other purposes related to the management of the fund. There is no limit to the amount of the fund's assets that may be invested in derivative instruments.
Equity funds are subject generally to market, market sector, market liquidity, issuer, and investment style risks, among other factors, to varying degrees, all of which are more fully described in the fund's prospectus.
Small Company Risk
Small companies carry additional risks because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable and their share prices more volatile than those of larger, more established companies. The shares of smaller companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies.
Each sub-adviser makes investment decisions independently, and it is possible that the investment styles of the sub-advisers may not complement one another. As a result, the fund's exposure to a given stock, industry or investment style could unintentionally be greater or smaller than it would have been if the fund had a single adviser.
Short Sale Risk
The fund may make short sales, which involves selling a security it does not own in anticipation that the security's price will decline. Short sales expose the fund to the risk that it will be required to buy the security sold short (also known as covering the short position) at a time when the security has appreciated in value, thus resulting in a loss to the fund. Short positions in stocks involve more risk than long positions in stocks because the maximum sustainable loss on a stock purchased is limited to the amount paid for the stock plus the transaction costs, whereas there is no maximum attainable price on the shorted stock. In theory, stocks sold short have unlimited risk. The fund may not always be able to close out a short position, or borrow a security the fund seeks to sell short at a particular time or at an acceptable price. A lower net long exposure is not synonymous with lower overall risk.
The fund may use derivative instruments, such as options, futures and options on futures, forward contracts, swaps (including credit default swaps on corporate bonds and asset-backed securities), options on swaps, and other credit derivatives. A small investment in derivatives could have a potentially large impact on the fund's performance. The use of derivatives involves risks different from, or possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the underlying assets.
Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses of the fund carefully before investing. Download a prospectus, or a summary prospectus, if available, that contains this and other information about the fund, and read it carefully before investing.