A BNY MELLON COMPANY

Dreyfus Research Long/Short Equity Fund

  • Ticker: DLSCX
  • Product Code: 6117
  • CUSIP: 26202X686
Share Class:

Fund Goal and Approach

The fund seeks capital appreciation.To pursue its goal, the fund normally invests at least 80% of its net assets, plus any borrowings for investment purposes, in equity securities. The fund is designed to provide exposure to various global equity sectors using long/short investment strategies in seeking to produce excess returns with low correlations with (i.e., not tied to the direction of) major equity markets over a complete market cycle, typically a period of several years. The fund also seeks to have less volatility than such markets over a complete market cycle. The fund may invest in equity securities of domestic and foreign companies with any market capitalization, which normally will be above $250 million at time of purchase. The fund may invest up to 40% of its net assets in the securities of foreign issuers, including up to 25% of its net assets in issuers in emerging markets.

The fund's primary portfolio managers seek to produce value added excess returns ("alpha") by allocating fund assets among various global equity sectors, each managed by a separate portfolio management team of global research analysts using a long/short strategy. Currently, the fund invests its assets among the following global equity sectors: (1) Technology/Media/Telecommunication Services, (2) Consumer, (3) Financials, (4) Health Care, and (5) Natural Resources. Generally, the percentage of fund assets allocated to each sector strategy will range from 15% to 25%. Securities currently are selected by five separate teams of global research analysts, with each analyst responsible for fund investments in his or her sector and area of expertise. These analysts utilize a fundamental, bottom-up research process to identify prospective investments. The fund's portfolio managers invest the fund's assets in those companies in which the analysts have the highest degree of conviction or have identified a strong near-term catalyst for earnings growth or share price appreciation. Conversely, the fund's portfolio managers establish short positions for the fund in those companies in which the analysts believe there has been a negative change in the fundamental factors relating to the company or the company has become overvalued.

The fund expects to maintain significant short positions in equity securities and equity-related instruments. Although the fund intends to maintain an overall long position in its portfolio investments, in certain circumstances, the fund's short positions may approach or reach the size of the fund's overall long position. A short sale involves the sale of a security that the fund does not own in the expectation of purchasing the same security (or a security exchangeable therefor) at a later date and at a lower price. The fund will incur a loss as a result of a short sale if the price of the security increases between the date of the short sale and the date on which the fund replaces the security sold short. The fund will realize a gain if the security declines in price between those two dates. The fund's potential loss is limited only by the maximum attainable price of the security less the price at which the security was sold.

The fund may, but it is not required to, use derivative instruments, such as options, futures and options on futures, contracts for difference, forward contracts, swap agreements (including total return swap agreements) and other derivative instruments, as a substitute for investing directly in an underlying asset, as an alternative to selling a security short, to increase returns, to manage foreign currency risk, as part of a hedging strategy, or for other purposes related to the management of the fund.

Risks

Equity Risk

Equity funds are subject generally to market, market sector, market liquidity, issuer, and investment style risks, among other factors, to varying degrees, all of which are more fully described in the fund's prospectus.

Foreign Investment Risk

To the extent the fund invests in foreign securities, its performance will be influenced by political, social and economic factors affecting investments in foreign companies. These special risks include exposure to currency fluctuations, less liquidity, less developed or less efficient trading markets, lack of comprehensive company information, political instability and differing auditing and legal standards. The securities of issuers located in emerging markets can be more volatile and less liquid than those of issuers in more mature economies.

Short Sale Risk

The fund may make short sales, which involves selling a security it does not own in anticipation that the security's price will decline. Short sales expose the fund to the risk that it will be required to buy the security sold short (also known as covering the short position) at a time when the security has appreciated in value, thus resulting in a loss to the fund. Short positions in stocks involve more risk than long positions in stocks because the maximum sustainable loss on a stock purchased is limited to the amount paid for the stock plus the transaction costs, whereas there is no maximum attainable price on the shorted stock. In theory, stocks sold short have unlimited risk. The fund may not always be able to close out a short position at a particular time or at an acceptable price. The fund may not always be able to borrow a security the fund seeks to sell short at a particular time or at an acceptable price.

Small Company Risk

Small and midsize companies carry additional risks because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable, and their share prices more volatile than those of larger, more established companies. The shares of smaller companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies.

Alpha measures the portion of a fund's returns attributable to specific (non-market) risk.

Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses of the fund carefully before investing. Download a prospectus, or a summary prospectus, if available, that contains this and other information about the fund, and read it carefully before investing.

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