Fund Goal and Approach
The fund seeks total return.To pursue its goal, the fund normally invests in instruments that provide investment exposure to global equity, bond, currency and commodity markets, and in fixed-income securities. The fund may invest in instruments that provide economic exposure to developed and, to a limited extent, emerging market issuers. The fund may invest up to 30% of its net assets in emerging market issuers and considers emerging market countries to be those included in the Morgan Stanley Capital International Emerging Markets Index. The fund will seek to achieve investment exposure to global equity, bond, currency and commodity markets primarily through long and short positions in futures, options, forward contracts, swap agreements or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and normally will use economic leverage as part of its investment strategy. The fund also may invest in fixed-income securities, such as bonds, notes (including structured notes), and money market instruments, to provide exposure to bond markets and for liquidity and income, as well as hold cash. The fund may invest in bonds and other fixed-income securities of any maturity or duration. A bond's maturity is the length of time until the principal must be fully repaid with interest. Average effective portfolio maturity is an average of the maturities of bonds held by the fund directly and the bonds underlying derivative instruments entered into by the fund, if any, adjusted to reflect provisions or market conditions that may cause a bond's principal to be repaid earlier than at its stated maturity. Duration is an indication of an investment's "interest rate risk," or how sensitive a bond or the fund's portfolio may be to changes in interest rates. The fund invests principally in bonds and other fixed income securities rated investment grade, and may invest in, or otherwise have investment exposure to the securities of companies of any market capitalization.
The fund's portfolio managers apply a systematic analytical investment approach designed to identify and exploit relative misvaluation opportunities across and within global capital markets. Active investment decisions to dynamically shift between long or short positions in individual country, equity, bond, currency and commodity markets, as well as allocations to cash, are driven by this systematic investment process and seek to capitalize on opportunities within and among the capital markets of the world. The fund's portfolio managers have considerable latitude in allocating the fund's assets and in selecting derivative instruments and securities to implement the fund's investment approach, and there is no limitation or requirement as to the amount of fund assets to be invested in any one asset class.
The portfolio managers update, monitor and follow buy or sell recommendations from Mellon Capital Management Corporation's proprietary investment models. The models can recommend selling a security if the relative attractiveness deteriorates or its valuation becomes excessive or risk associated with the security increases significantly. The model also may recommend selling a security if an event occurs that contradicts the models' rationale for owning it, such as deterioration in the issuer's fundamentals. In addition, the portfolio managers may sell a security if better investment opportunities emerge elsewhere. For allocation among equity markets, the portfolio managers employ a bottom-up valuation approach using proprietary models to derive market level expected returns. For allocation among bond markets, the portfolio managers use proprietary models to identify temporary mispricings among global bond markets. The portfolio managers evaluate currencies on a relative valuation basis and overweight exposure to currencies that are undervalued and underweight exposure to currencies that are overvalued based on real interest rates, purchasing power parity, and other proprietary measures. The portfolio managers seek to identify opportunities in commodity markets by measuring and evaluating inventory and term structure, hedging and speculative activity as well as momentum. The investment process combines fundamental and momentum signals in a quantitative framework.
The fund may use to a significant degree derivative instruments, such as options, futures and options on futures (including those relating to securities, indexes, foreign currencies and interest rates), forward contracts, swap agreements (including total return swap agreements), options on swap agreements, and hybrid instruments (typically structured notes), as a substitute for investing directly in equities, bonds, currencies or commodities in connection with its investment strategy. The fund also may use such derivatives as part of a hedging strategy or for other purposes related to the management of the fund.
Equity funds are subject generally to market, market sector, market liquidity, issuer, and investment style risks, among other factors, to varying degrees. The fund is subject generally to interest rate, credit, liquidity, prepayment and extension risk (as to mortgage-related holdings), call, sector, and market risks, to varying degrees.
The fund's performance will be influenced by political, social and economic factors affecting investments in foreign companies. Special risks associated with investments in foreign companies include exposure to currency fluctuations, less liquidity, less developed or less efficient trading markets, lack of comprehensive company information, political instability and differing auditing and legal standards. These risks are enhanced in emerging markets countries. Investments in foreign currencies are subject to the risk that those currencies will decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar, or, in the case of hedged positions, that the U.S. dollar will decline relative to the currency being hedged. Each of these risks could increase the fund's volatility.
The fund may make short sales and is not limited to the amount of the portfolio that can be shorted except as the fund is subject to the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Short sales may involve substantial risk and leverage. Short sales expose the fund to the risk that it will be required to buy the security sold short at a time when the security has appreciated in value, thus resulting in a loss to the fund.
The use of derivatives involves risks different from, or possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the underlying assets, and could involve leverage. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid and difficult to value and there is the risk that changes in the value of a derivative held by the fund will not correlate with the underlying instruments or the fund's other investments.
Exposure to the commodities markets may subject the fund to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities. The values of commodities and commodity-linked investments are affected by events that might have less impact on the values of stocks and bonds. Investments linked to the prices of commodities are considered speculative. Prices of commodities and related contracts may fluctuate significantly over short periods for a variety of factors. Please refer to the fund's prospectus for a complete list and descriptions of the main risks.
Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses of the fund carefully before investing. Download a prospectus, or a summary prospectus, if available, that contains this and other information about the fund, and read it carefully before investing.